Author(s): Thollon C, Cambarrat C, Vian J, Prost JF, Peglion JL,
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Abstract 1. S 16257 is a new bradycardic agent. Its electropharmacological profile has been compared to that of the known bradycardic compound UL-FS 49 (Zatebradine). Intracellular recordings of action potentials (APs) were performed with conventional glass microelectrodes. 2. In the rabbit isolated sino-atrial node (SAN) tissue, S 16257 and UL-FS 49 (1 microM, 3 microM and 10 microM) were equipotent in slowing spontaneous APs firing predominantly by decreasing the rate of diastolic depolarization (at 3 microM, -23.8 +/- 3.9\% and -27.9 +/- 2.6\%, respectively). For the two compounds a maximal effect was obtained at 3 microM. In these preparations, action potential duration at 50\% of total repolarization (APD50) was more affected by UL-FS 49 than S 16257 at any concentration tested (at 3 microM, +8.9 +/- 2.9\% and +29.1 +/- 3.7\% for S 16257 and UL-FS 49, respectively; P < or = 0.01). 3. To estimate the direct effects on AP duration, driven cardiac preparations were exposed to these agents. In guinea-pig papillary muscles, paced at a frequency of 1 Hz, increasing concentrations of S 16257 or UL-FS 49 (0.1 to 10 microM, 30 min exposure for each concentration) slightly prolonged AP repolarization. This prolongation was more marked for UL-FS 49 (at 1 microM, +6.1 +/- 0.6\% and +11.2 +/- 1.3\% elevation of APD50, for S 16257 and UL-FS 49, respectively). 4. Application of UL-FS 49 (3 microM) to rabbit Purkinje fibres, triggered at a frequency of 0.25 Hz, induced a marked prolongation of APD50 and APD90 (+149.4 +/- 51.2\% and +86.0 +/- 15.4\%, respectively). S 16257 (3 MicroM) induced only a weak prolongation of AP (+ 14.1 +/- 5.0\% and + 14.8 +/- 3.3\% for APD50 and APD90, respectively) significantly smaller than in the case of UL-FS 49.5. These results show that S 16257 slows the rate of spontaneous AP firing in isolated SAN mainly by a reduction of the diastolic depolarization of the cells, which suggests an inhibition of the pace-maker current (If). S 16257 and UL-FS 49 are equipotent in their bradycardic effect but S 16257 is more specific as it induces less increase in myocardial repolarization time.
This article was published in Br J Pharmacol
and referenced in International Journal of Inflammation, Cancer and Integrative Therapy