Author(s): Norris PJ, Pappalardo BL, Custer B, Spotts G, Hecht FM,
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Abstract Perturbations of plasma IL-10, IL-12, IL-13, TNF-alpha, and IFN-gamma were measured longitudinally in HIV-1 seroconverting plasma donors and were compared to subjects with symptomatic primary HIV-1 infection. Control groups included uninfected patients with symptoms and risks for primary HIV-1, healthy controls, and asymptomatic plasma donors with primary HCV. IL-10, TNF-alpha, and IFN-gamma rapidly rose in acute HIV-1 infection, while IL-13 predominated in acute HCV. Subjects with symptomatic primary HIV-1 had higher cytokine levels than asymptomatic subjects, statistically significant for TNF-alpha. Cytokine alterations occurred within 7 days of detectable HIV-1 viremia, emphasizing the need to study the earliest events of infection.
This article was published in AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology