alexa Emergency thoracotomy in thoracic trauma-a review.


Journal of Trauma & Treatment

Author(s): Hunt PA, Greaves I, Owens WA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Thoracic trauma is one of the leading causes of death in all age groups and accounts for 25-50\% of all traumatic injuries. While the majority of patients with thoracic trauma can be managed conservatively, a small but significant number requires emergency thoracotomy as part of their initial resuscitation. The procedure has been advocated for evacuation of pericardial tamponade, direct control of intrathoracic haemorrhage, control of massive air-embolism, open cardiac massage and cross-clamping of the descending aorta. Emergency thoracotomy can be defined as thoracotomy "occurring either immediately at the site of injury, or in the emergency department or operating room as an integral part of the initial resuscitation process". Following emergency thoracotomy, the overall survival rates for penetrating thoracic trauma are around 9-12\% but have been reported to be as high as 38\%. The survival rate for blunt trauma is approximately 1-2\%. The decision to perform emergency thoracotomy involves careful evaluation of the scientific, ethical, social and economic issues. This article aims to provide a review of the current literature and to outline the pathophysiological features, technical manoeuvres and selective indications for emergency thoracotomy as a component of the initial resuscitation of trauma victims with thoracic injury. This article was published in Injury and referenced in Journal of Trauma & Treatment

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version