Author(s): Zhu L, Cheung CS, Zhang WG, Huang Z, Zhu L, Cheung CS, Zhang WG, Huang Z, Zhu L, Cheung CS, Zhang WG, Huang Z, Zhu L, Cheung CS, Zhang WG, Huang Z
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Abstract Euro V diesel fuel, pure biodiesel and biodiesel blended with 5\%, 10\% and 15\% of ethanol or methanol were tested on a 4-cylinder naturally-aspirated direct-injection diesel engine. Experiments were conducted under five engine loads at a steady speed of 1800 r/min. The study aims to investigate the effects of the blended fuels on reducing NO(x) and particulate. On the whole, compared with Euro V diesel fuel, the blended fuels could lead to reduction of both NO(x) and PM of a diesel engine, with the biodiesel-methanol blends being more effective than the biodiesel-ethanol blends. The effectiveness of NO(x) and particulate reductions is more effective with increase of alcohol in the blends. With high percentage of alcohol in the blends, the HC, CO emissions could increase and the brake thermal efficiency might be slightly reduced but the use of 5\% blends could reduce the HC and CO emissions as well. With the diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC), the HC, CO and particulate emissions can be further reduced. Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Sci Total Environ
and referenced in Advances in Automobile Engineering