Author(s): Saha P, Chakrabarti T
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Abstract An aquatic bacterium, strain GPTSA100-15T, was isolated on nutritionally poor medium TSBA100 (tryptic soy broth diluted 100 times and solidified with 1.5 \% agarose) and characterized using a polyphasic approach. The isolate was unable to grow on commonly used nutritionally rich media such as tryptic soy agar, nutrient agar and Luria-Bertani agar. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the isolate was affiliated with the family 'Flexibacteraceae' in the phylum Bacteroidetes. Phylogenetically, it showed closest similarity (94.0 \%) with an uncultured bacterial clone, HP1A92, detected in a sludge microbial community. Among the culturable bacteria, the isolate had highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Leadbetterella byssophila 4M15T (87.8 \%). Sequence similarities with other members of the phylum Bacteroidetes were less than 85 \%. The fatty acid profile of the isolate grown on TSBA100 indicated that the major fatty acid was iso-C15:0, which is also present in many members of the family 'Flexibacteraceae'. Cells of strain GPTSA100-15T are Gram-negative, strictly aerobic rods. The DNA G+C content of the isolate is 36.9 mol\%. Results of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analyses clearly indicate that strain GPTSA100-15T represents a new genus within the family 'Flexibacteraceae'; the name Emticicia gen. nov. is proposed for the genus, with Emticicia oligotrophica sp. nov. as the type species. The type strain of Emticicia oligotrophica is GPTSA100-15T (=MTCC 6937T=DSM 17448T).
This article was published in Int J Syst Evol Microbiol
and referenced in Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology