Author(s): Nguyen LH, Nguyen DH, Tran TN, Nguyen PT, Thi QH,
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Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A high percentage of bronchoscopically extracted foreign bodies in Ho Chi Minh City were pits of the sapote fruit, a finding previously unreported. This paper presents a review of foreign body extractions, which identifies the substances found, documents the diagnostic pathway and draws attention to the specific aspiration risk of the sapote pit. METHODS: The records of 100 consecutive adults who were found to have a bronchial foreign body during flexible bronchoscopy were reviewed. RESULTS: In 83\% of patients, the foreign body extraction was performed more than 2 weeks after the aspiration had occurred. In only 34\% of patients was the diagnosis of an aspirated foreign body considered early in the patient's clinical course. The most frequent foreign bodies found were sapote pits (41\%), followed by small bones (38\%). Foreign bodies were lodged more frequently in the right bronchial tree (64\%). In 98\% of patients, the foreign bodies were successfully removed with the flexible scope. There was one postoperative death, which was not ascribed to the procedure. CONCLUSIONS: Physicians need to consider foreign body aspirations when evaluating patients with recurrent pneumonia, unexplained cough or atelectasis. Awareness of this problem might lead to public health measures that could reduce the incidence of these aspirations.
This article was published in Respirology
and referenced in Journal of Lung Diseases & Treatment