Author(s): Neely DE, Plager DA
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Abstract INTRODUCTION: Experience with endoscopic diode laser cyclophotocoagulation remains limited. We report the efficacy and safety profile of this glaucoma surgery technique in the pediatric population. METHODS: Retrospective review of 51 endoscopic diode laser cyclophotocoagulation procedures performed on 36 eyes of 29 pediatric patients with glaucoma over a 6-year period. Surgery was performed by using the Microprobe (Endo Optiks, Little Silver, NJ) integrated laser endoscope system. Patients were followed-up for a minimum of 6 months or until declared treatment failures. Treatment success is defined as a postoperative intraocular pressure of < or = 21 mm Hg, with or without adjunctive glaucoma medications. RESULTS: Baseline mean pretreatment intraocular pressure was 35.06 +/- 8.55 mm Hg. Final postoperative intraocular pressure was 23.63 +/- 11.07 mm Hg (30\% decrease) after an average of 1.42 +/- 0.87 endolaser procedures and 19.25 +/- 19.36 months of follow-up. Success rate of the initial procedure at last follow-up was 34\%. Nine eyes (25\%) were retreated at least once. Cumulative success rate after all procedures at last follow-up was 43\%. Mean cumulative arc of treatment was 260 degrees +/- 58 degrees of ciliary processes. Postoperative complications included retinal detachment in 2 patients, hypotony in 1 patient, and progression of vision loss from hand motion to no light perception in 1 patient. All 4 complications occurred in aphakic patients. CONCLUSIONS: Endoscopic diode laser cyclophotocoagulation is a moderately effective procedure for the management of difficult pediatric glaucomas. Aphakic patients may have an increased risk of significant postoperative complications, such as retinal detachment.
This article was published in J AAPOS
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology