Author(s): Kaneda T, Nojima T, Nakagawa M, Ogasawara A, Kaneko H,
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Abstract Differentiation of osteoclasts, the cells primarily responsible for bone resorption, is controlled by a variety of osteotropic hormones and cytokines. Of these factors, receptor activator of NF-kappaB (RANK) ligand (RANKL) has been recently cloned as an essential inducer of osteoclastogenesis in the presence of M-CSF. Here, we isolated a stroma-free population of monocyte/macrophage (M/Mphi)-like hemopoietic cells from mouse unfractionated bone cells that were capable of differentiating into mature osteoclasts by treatment with soluble RANKL (sRANKL) and M-CSF. However, the efficiency of osteoclast formation was low, suggesting the requirement for additional factors. The isolated M/Mphi-like hemopoietic cells expressed TGF-beta and type I and II receptors of TGF-beta. Therefore, we examined the effect of TGF-beta on osteoclastogenesis. TGF-beta with a combination of sRANKL and M-CSF promoted the differentiation of nearly all M/Mphi-like hemopoietic cells into cells of the osteoclast lineage. Neutralizing anti-TGF-beta Ab abrogated the osteoclast generation. These TGF-beta effects were also observed in cultures of unfractionated bone cells, and anti-TGF-beta blocked the stimulatory effect of 1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3). Translocation of NF-kappaB into nuclei induced by sRANKL in TGF-beta-pretreated M/Mphi-like hemopoietic cells was greater than that in untreated cells, whereas TGF-beta did not up-regulate the expression of RANK, the receptor of RANKL. Our findings suggest that TGF-beta is an essential autocrine factor for osteoclastogenesis.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access