Author(s): Tangjitgamol S, Manusirivithaya S, Srijaipracharoen S, Khunnarong J, Tanvanich S,
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the characteristic features, treatment, survival, and prognostic factors of Thai endometrial cancer (EMC) patients. METHODS: Clinico-pathological data of EMC patients who were treated in the institution from 1992 to 2008 were collected. Survival rates and prognostic factors were studied. RESULTS: The mean age of the 261 patients was 55.4 ± 9.92 years. The most common complaint was abnormal uterine bleeding (87.3\%). More than half (75.4\%) had other medical illnesses or other cancers (10.7\%). The majority (78\%) had early stage disease. Post-operative adjuvant therapy was given in 41.4\%; the most common was radiation therapy (37.2\%). From a median follow-up of 57.5 months (range 0.03-212.3 months), progressive disease was encountered in 16 patients. Eighteen experienced recurrence (three local, 13 distant metastases and two local and distant). Overall, 30 patients died of cancer, while 18 died of other medical illnesses. The 5-year progression-free, cancer specific, and overall survivals (95\% confidence intervals) were 86.5\% (82.1-90.8\%), 88.0\% (83.9-92.2\%), and 83.6\% (78.7-88.4\%), respectively. Significant prognostic factors for survival were: histology, grade, depth of myometrial invasion, cervical involvement, lymphovascular invasion, lymph node status, and Her-2/ neu expression. CONCLUSION: Most endometrial cancer patients in Thailand present at early stages and experience good survival outcomes.
This article was published in Asian Pac J Cancer Prev
and referenced in Gynecology & Obstetrics