Author(s): Schild RL, Knobloch C, Dorn C, Fimmers R, van der Ven H,
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of sonographic parameters in assessing endometrial receptivity in an in vitro fertilization (IVF) program. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: University setting. PATIENT(S): One hundred thirty-five patients in our IVF program, selected prospectively on the day of oocyte retrieval. INTERVENTION(S): Transvaginal ultrasound examination was performed before oocyte collection. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Association between implantation rate and spiral artery blood flow (primary outcome measure) and between implantation rate and endometrial measurements as well as uterine artery blood flow (secondary outcome measures). RESULT(S): Overall implantation rate was 23.7\% per cycle. Subendometrial blood flow was detected in 113 (83.7\%) cases, with pregnancy occurring in 21.2\%. Mean spiral artery pulsatility index values were 1.12 +/- 0.28 and 1.21 +/- 0.27 for nonconception and conception cycles, respectively. Nondetectable spiral artery blood flow was not associated with a lower implantation rate. Neither endometrial thickness nor endometrial volume was correlated with the likelihood of successful implantation. Minimum endometrial thickness and volume associated with pregnancy were 6.9 mm and 1.59 mL, respectively. CONCLUSION(S): Neither Doppler sonography of the spiral or uterine arteries nor measurement of the endometrial thickness or volume allowed a reliable prediction of subsequent IVF outcome.
This article was published in Fertil Steril
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy