Author(s): Rumalla A, Baron TH, Wang KK, Gores GJ, Stadheim LM,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicate that photodynamic therapy provides effective relief from biliary obstruction in advanced cholangiocarcinoma. This report describes a method of applying photodynamic therapy in the biliary tract by using accessories available in the United States. METHODS: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography was performed to define the proximal and distal extent of intraductal tumor. Patients were injected with 2 mg/kg of sodium porfimer. Forty-eight hours later a commercially available cylindrical diffusing laser fiber was inserted into an 8F biliary catheter equipped with a 0.038 inch side-hole at its distal tip. After positioning of a 0.035 inch guidewire proximal to the biliary stricture, the preloaded catheter was advanced over the guidewire by using the monorail technique. Laser light was applied at a power of 400 mW/cm fiber for a total energy of 180 J/cm.(2) RESULTS: Fourteen treatments were performed on 6 patients with tumors of Bismuth types IV (n = 2), III (n = 3), or II (n = 1). By using the preloaded biliary catheter, adequate positioning of the laser fiber was achieved in all patients. A fracture of the diffuser tip occurred during 1 of the treatments. Two patients developed acute cholangitis and 2 patients experienced skin phototoxicity. CONCLUSIONS: Photodynamic therapy for cholangiocarcinoma is safe and technically feasible with a preloaded biliary catheter and a monorail technique for catheter positioning.
This article was published in Gastrointest Endosc
and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques