alexa Endoscopy-guided balloon dilatation of esophageal strictures and anastomotic strictures after esophageal replacement in children.


Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System

Author(s): Tam PK, Sprigg A, Cudmore RE, Cook RC, Carty H

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Abstract This study evaluates the safety, efficacy, and technical problems of the new technique of endoscopy-guided balloon dilation (EGBD) in the treatment of strictures of the esophagus and its replacement. Between 1986 and 1990, the authors treated 33 children (aged 3 weeks to 20 years) with EGBD; 18 had esophageal strictures (primary esophageal atresia repair, 13; reflux esophagitis, 5), 13 had anastomotic strictures after esophageal replacement (colon, 12; stomach, 1), and 2 had caustic strictures. The majority (23 of 33) had previously failed to respond to conventional bouginage (mean, 11.2 sessions; range, 1 to 32 sessions). EGBD was performed using flexible endoscopy and flouroscopic screening under general anesthesia. Endoscopy identified and resolved the errors or uncertainties of preoperative contrast studies in 7 patients, 5 of whom had colon interposition. EGBD was achieved in all 31 patients with esophageal or replacement strictures; the mean number of EGDB procedures per patient was 2.1 (range 1 to 7). Symptomatic relief was excellent in 24 and moderate in 7 patients. Both patients with caustic strictures had esophageal perforation from EGBD (excessive inflation, 1; false passage of guide wire, 1). Patients who had experienced both conventional bouginage and EGBD noticed less pain with EGBD and resumed eating sooner. The authors conclude that EGBD is safe and effective for treating esophageal and replacement strictures but not caustic strictures.
This article was published in J Pediatr Surg and referenced in Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System

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