Author(s): Sahni SK
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Abstract As an important component of the vasculature, endothelial cell lining covers the inner surface of blood vessels and provides an active barrier interface between the vascular and perivascular compartments. In addition to maintaining vasomotor equilibrium and organ homeostasis and communicating with circulating blood cells, the vascular endothelium also serves as the preferred target for a number of infectious agents. This review article focuses on the roles of interactions between vascular endothelial cells and invading pathogens and resultant endothelial activation in the pathogenesis of important human diseases with viral and bacterial etiologies. In this perspective, the signal transduction events that regulate vascular inflammation and basis for endothelial cell tropism exhibited by certain specific viruses and pathogenic bacteria are also discussed.
This article was published in Thromb Res
and referenced in Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense