alexa Endothelial cells downregulate expression of the 70 kDa heat shock protein during hypoxia.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Author(s): Oehler R, Schmierer B, Zellner M, Prohaska R, Roth E

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Abstract Hsp70 is induced by hypoxia in most mammalian cell types and contributes to their ability to survive hypoxic episodes. However, little is known about Hsp70 expression in the hypoxia-tolerant endothelial cells (ECs). We investigated the effect of hypoxia on Hsp70 in human microvascular endothelial HMEC-1 cells. Reduction of pO(2) to 2.5\% of normal for 20 h stimulated lactate production and the activity of glycolytic enzymes. This metabolic adaptation to hypoxia was accompanied by a remarkable reduction of Hsp70 on the protein level and on the mRNA level. Approximately 12 h after the hypoxic period Hsp70 expression reached pre-hypoxia levels again. Since ECs are adapted to the low oxygen tension of the vasculature they are confronted with a supraphysiological oxygen level during in vitro culture. We suppose that the high Hsp70 under these conditions reflects a stress response which disappears at the more physiological reduced oxygen tension during hypoxia. Copyright 2000 Academic Press. This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

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