alexa Endothelial heparanase secretion after acute hypoinsulinemia is regulated by glucose and fatty acid.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Wang F, Kim MS, Puthanveetil P, Kewalramani G, Deppe S,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Following diabetes, the heart increases its lipoprotein lipase (LPL) at the coronary lumen by transferring LPL from the cardiomyocyte to the endothelial lumen. We examined how hyperglycemia controls secretion of heparanase, the enzyme that cleaves myocyte heparan sulphate proteoglycan to initiate this movement. Diazoxide (DZ) was used to decrease serum insulin and generate hyperglycemia. A modified Langendorff technique was used to separate coronary from interstitial effluent, which were assayed for heparanase and LPL. Within 30 min of DZ, interstitial heparanase increased, an effect that closely mirrored an augmentation in interstitial LPL. Endothelial cells were incubated with palmitic acid (PA) or glucose, and heparanase secretion was determined. PA increased intracellular heparanase, with no effect on secretion of this enzyme. Unlike PA, glucose dose-dependently lowered endothelial intracellular heparanase, which was strongly associated with increased heparanase activity in the incubation medium. Preincubation with cytochalasin D or nocodazole prevented the high glucose-induced depletion of intracellular heparanase. Our data suggest that following hyperglycemia, translocation of LPL from the cardiomyocyte cell surface to the apical side of endothelial cells is dependent on the ability of the fatty acid to increase endothelial intracellular heparanase followed by rapid secretion of this enzyme by glucose, which requires an intact microtubule and actin cytoskeleton. This article was published in Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords