alexa Endothelial progenitor cells as factors in neovascularization and endothelial repair.

Journal of Autacoids and Hormones

Author(s): Capobianco S, Chennamaneni V, Mittal M, Zhang N, Zhang C

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are a heterogeneous population of cells that are provided by the bone marrow and other adult tissue in both animals and humans. They express both hematopoietic and endothelial surface markers, which challenge the classic dogma that the presumed differentiation of cells into angioblasts and subsequent endothelial and vascular differentiation occurred exclusively in embryonic development. This breakthrough stimulated research to understand the mechanism(s) underlying their physiologic function to allow development of new therapeutic options. One focus has been on their ability to form new vessels in injured tissues, and another has been on their ability to repair endothelial damage and restore both monolayer integrity and endothelial function in denuded vessels. Moreover, measures of their density have been shown to be a better predictor of cardiovascular events, both in healthy and coronary artery disease populations than the classical tools used in the clinic to evaluate the risk stratification. In the present paper we review the effects of EPCs on revascularization and endothelial repair in animal models and human studies, in an attempt to better understand their function, which may lead to potential advancement in clinical management.
This article was published in World J Cardiol and referenced in Journal of Autacoids and Hormones

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords