Author(s): Pfeiffer D, Stefanitsch C, Wankhammer K, Mller M, Dreyer L,
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Abstract Small caliber vascular grafts represent a challenge to material scientists. In contrast to large caliber grafts, prostheses with diameter <6 mm, lead to increased hemodynamic disturbances and thrombogenic complications. Thus, endothelialization of small caliber grafts should create a compatible interface for hemodynamic processes. The purpose of our study was to compare different compositions of electrospun scaffolds with conventional ePTFE grafts with an inner diameter of 4 mm as well as different pre-coatings to create an optimized physiological interface for endothelialization. Polycaprolactone, polylactide, and polyethylenglycol (PCL/PLA and PCL/PLA/PEG) electrospun grafts and ePTFE grafts were pre-coated with blood, gelatine or fibronectin and seeded with endothelial cells from the human term placenta. Best results were obtained with fibronectin-coated PCL/PLA/PEG grafts. Here, the number of attached viable cells was 78-81\% higher than on fibronectin pre-treated ePTFE grafts. Cells attached to PCL/PLA/PEG grafts appeared in physiological cobblestone morphology. Viability analysis showed a high cell viability of more than 98\%. Fibronectin-coated PCL/PLA/PEG grafts may be a promising improvement to conventionally used ePTFE grafts. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
This article was published in J Biomed Mater Res A
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology