Author(s): Eguchi S, Hirata Y, Imai T, Marumo F
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Abstract We have studied whether endothelin (ET) isopeptides have any effects on adenylate cyclase activity via different guanyl nucleotide-binding proteins (G-proteins) in cultured rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) and bovine endothelial cells (EC). Northern blot analysis clearly demonstrated gene expression of ETA receptors in VSMC and ETB receptors in EC. ET-1 dose-dependently (10(-9)-10(-6) M) stimulated cAMP formation in VSMC, whose effect was inhibited completely by ETA receptor antagonist (BQ-123) but not by indomethacin or quinacrine. The ET-1-induced cAMP formation was additive with isoproterenol but not with cholera toxin. In contrast, ET-3 and ETB receptor agonist (BQ-3020) dose-dependently (10(-9)-10(-6) M) inhibited forskolin-stimulated cAMP formation in EC, whose effect was completely abolished by pertussis toxin. Cholera toxin ADP ribosylated 45- and 52-kilodalton proteins in VSMC, whereas pertussis toxin ADP ribosylated the 41-kilodalton protein in EC. These data suggest that, in addition to phospholipase C via Gq, ETA and ETB receptor subtypes are functionally coupled to adenylate cyclase, possibly via Gs in VSMC and Gi in EC, respectively.
This article was published in Endocrinology
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology