Author(s): Park WS, Ko EA, Han J, Kim N, Earm YE
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Abstract We investigated the effects of the vasoconstrictor endothelin-1 (ET-1) on the whole-cell ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) currents of smooth muscle cells that were isolated enzymatically from rabbit coronary artery (CASMCs) and pulmonary artery (PASMCs). The size of the KATP current did not differ significantly between CASMCs and PASMCs. ET-1 reduced the KATP current in a concentration-dependent manner, and this inhibition was greater in PASMCs than in CASMCs (half-inhibition values of 12.20 nM and 1.98 nM in CASMCs and PASMCs, respectively). However, the level of inhibition induced by other vasoconstrictors (angiotensin II, norepinephrine, and serotonin) were not significantly different between CASMCs and PASMCs. Pretreatment with the protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors staurosporine (100 nM) and GF 109203X (1 microM) prevented ET-1-induced inhibition of the KATP current in both arterial smooth muscle cell preparations. The PKC activators phorbol-12,13-dibutyrate (PDBu) and 1-olelyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol (OAG) reduced the KATP current in dose-dependent manner. Although the numbers of ET receptors were not significantly different between the 2 arterial smooth muscle cell preparations, the effects of PDBu and OAG were greater on PASMCs. ET-1-induced inhibition of the KATP current was unaffected by the PKA inhibitor Rp-cAMPs (100 microM) and PKA inhibitory peptide (5 microM).
This article was published in J Cardiovasc Pharmacol
and referenced in Human Genetics & Embryology