Author(s): Malek A, Miller RK, Mattison DR, Kennedy S, Panigel M,
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Abstract Phosphorus 31 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy as a non-invasive technique was applied to monitor the metabolic activity of the human placenta during perfusion in vitro. During control perfusions (n = 3) there was an initial increase in adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and a fall in inorganic phosphate (Pi). Thereafter, however, the level of both ATP and Pi remained constant throughout the perfusion period (11 h). Additional biochemical parameters such as glucose consumption, lactate production and the release of hormones, human chorionic gonadotrophin (hGC). measured in the perfusate samples, were also used to assess the viability of the placental tissue. As with ATP, all these biochemical parameters under the control conditions showed a stable rate of metabolic activity throughout the length of the experiments. In additional experiments, the effect of the metabolic inhibitor dinitrophenol (n = 2) and dinitrophenol (DNP) together with iodoacetic acid (IOA, n = 2) were studied. DNP (0.1 mM) alone showed a slight decrease of all parameters. In contrast, the addition of IOA (0.1 mM) with DNP (0.1 mM) not only blocked the production of ATP but also produced a substantial impact on placental metabolic activity. The effect of a toxic dose of cadmium (20 nmol/ml) was studied also (n = 3). This dose of cadmium demonstrated no effect on phosphorus metabolism. However, the rate of glucose consumption and the release of hCG were significantly reduced.
This article was published in Placenta
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta