alexa Engineering of glucose oxidase for direct electron transfer via site-specific gold nanoparticle conjugation.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology

Author(s): Holland JT, Lau C, Brozik S, Atanassov P, Banta S

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Abstract Optimizing the electrical communication between enzymes and electrodes is critical in the development of biosensors, enzymatic biofuel cells, and other bioelectrocatalytic applications. One approach to address this limitation is the attachment of redox mediators or relays to the enzymes. Here we report a simple genetic modification of a glucose oxidase enzyme to display a free thiol group near its active site. This facilitates the site-specific attachment of a maleimide-modified gold nanoparticle to the enzyme, which enables direct electrical communication between the conjugated enzyme and an electrode. Glucose oxidase is of particular interest in biofuel cell and biosensor applications, and the approach of "prewiring" enzyme conjugates in a site-specific manner will be valuable in the continued development of these systems. © 2011 American Chemical Society This article was published in J Am Chem Soc and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology

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