Author(s): Jin Q, Anusaksathien O, Webb SA, Printz MA, Giannobile WV
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Abstract Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) exerts potent effects on wound healing including the regeneration of tooth-supporting structures. Limitations of topical protein delivery to periodontal osseous defects include transient biological activity and the bioavailability of PDGF at the wound site. The objective of this investigation was to determine the feasibility of in vivo PDGF-B gene transfer to stimulate periodontal tissue regeneration in large tooth-associated alveolar bone defects in rats. Periodontal lesions (0.3 x 0.2 cm in size) were treated with a 2.6\% collagen matrix alone or a matrix containing adenoviruses encoding luciferase (control), a dominant negative mutant of PDGF-A (PDGF-1308), or PDGF-B. Block biopsies were harvested at 3, 7, and 14 days post-gene delivery and descriptive histology and histomorphometric analyses were performed. The defects treated with Ad-PDGF-B demonstrated greater proliferating cell nuclear antigen positively stained cells and strong evidence of bone and cementum regeneration beyond that of Ad-luciferase and Ad-PDGF-1308 groups. Quantitative image analysis showed a nearly fourfold increase in bridging bone and sixfold increase in tooth-lining cemental repair in the Ad-PDGF-B-treated sites compared to lesions treated with Ad-luciferase or collagen matrix alone, which showed limited hard tissue neogenesis. In addition, the Xenogen In Vivo Imaging System revealed sustained and localized gene expression of the luciferase reporter at the periodontal lesions for up to 21 days after gene transfer. These results indicate that in vivo direct gene transfer of PDGF-B stimulates alveolar bone and cementum regeneration in large periodontal defects. Gene therapy utilizing PDGF-B may offer the potential for periodontal tissue engineering applications.
This article was published in Mol Ther
and referenced in Dentistry