Author(s): Ghevariya CM, Bhatt JK, Dave BP
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Abstract Degradation of chrysene, a four ring High Molecular Weight (HMW) Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) is of intense environmental interest, being carcinogenic, teratogenic and mutagenic. Multiple PAH degrading halotolerant Achromobacter xylosoxidans was isolated from crude oil polluted saline site. Response Surface Methodology (RSM) using Central Composite Design (CCD) of Bushnell-Haas medium components was successfully employed for optimization resulting 40.79\% chrysene degradation on 4th day. The interactions between variables as chrysene and glucose concentrations, pH and inoculum size on degradation were examined by RSM. Under optimum conditions, A. xylosoxidans exhibited 85.96\% chrysene degradation on 5th day. The optimum values predicted by RSM were confirmed through confirmatory experiments. It was also noted that pH and glucose as co-substrate play a dynamic role in enhancement of chrysene degradation. Hence, A. xylosoxidans can be further used for subsequent microcosm and in situ experiments for its potential to remediate PAH contaminated saline and non-saline soils. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Bioresour Technol
and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation