Author(s): Bouzeghrane F, Reinhardt DP, Reudelhuber TL, Thibault G
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Fibrillin-1 localization in the myocardium and the modulation of its expression in cardiac fibrosis were examined. In normal rat hearts, fibrillin-1 was abundant throughout the myocardium as thin fibers that crossed over the perimysium and around arteries. After cardiac fibrosis was induced in rats by either 14-day ANG II infusion or 21-day DOCA-salt treatment [a high endothelin-1 (ET-1) model], fibrillin-1 immunostaining was stronger in the interstitium (2.8-fold and 4.4-fold increases, respectively, in each model), extended between myocytes, and accumulated in microscopic scars and in the perivascular area of both ventricles. mRNA analysis confirmed its enhanced ventricular expression in both groups of rats (2.5-fold and 6.6-fold increments, respectively, in each model). In 1B normotensive and 2C hypertensive transgenic mice, two lines expressing an ANG II fusion protein in cardiac myocytes, strong fibrillin-1 immunoreactivity was observed in the interstitium and around arteries (3.7-fold and 7-fold increases, respectively). ANG II and transforming growth factor-beta1 enhanced fibrillin-1 synthesis by cardiac fibroblasts. Some fibrillin-1 fragments interacted with RGD-dependent integrins, including alpha(8)beta(1)-integrin, of cardiac fibroblasts but not necessarily through the RGD motif. Our findings illustrate that fibrillin-1 is an important constituent of the myocardium. In vitro and in vivo evidence suggests that ANG II can directly induce fibrillin-1 expression in cardiac fibroblasts. This protein can thus contribute to reactive and reparative processes.
This article was published in Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Tissue Science & Engineering