alexa Enhanced glucose 6-phosphatase activity in liver of rats exposed to Mg(2+)-deficient diet.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Metabolic Syndrome

Author(s): Barfell A, Crumbly A, Romani A

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Abstract Total hepatic Mg(2+) content decreases by >25\% in animals maintained for 2 weeks on Mg(2+) deficient diet, and results in a >25\% increase in glucose 6-phosphatase (G6Pase) activity in isolated liver microsomes in the absence of significant changed in enzyme expression. Incubation of Mg(2+)-deficient microsomes in the presence of 1mM external Mg(2+) returned G6Pase activity to levels measured in microsomes from animals on normal Mg(2+) diet. EDTA addition dynamically reversed the Mg(2+) effect. The effect of Mg(2+) or EDTA persisted in taurocholic acid permeabilized microsomes. An increase in G6Pase activity was also observed in liver microsomes from rats starved overnight, which presented a ~15\% decrease in hepatic Mg(2+) content. In this model, G6Pase activity increased to a lesser extent than in Mg(2+)-deficient microsomes, but it could still be dynamically modulated by addition of Mg(2+) or EDTA. Our results indicate that (1) hepatic Mg(2+) content rapidly decreases following starvation or exposure to deficient diet, and (2) the loss of Mg(2+) stimulates G6P transport and hydrolysis as a possible compensatory mechanism to enhance intrahepatic glucose availability. The Mg(2+) effect appears to take place at the level of the substrate binding site of the G6Pase enzymatic complex or the surrounding phospholipid environment. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Arch Biochem Biophys and referenced in Journal of Metabolic Syndrome

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