Author(s): Ardeshirylajimi A, Farhadian S, Adegani FJ, Mirzaei S, Zomorrod MS,
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: There is growing need for new scaffold constructions for synthetic bone graft substitutes to repair large bone lesions. A very promising and important class of new implants for tissue engineering is based on three-dimensional scaffolds and bioceramics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, after investigation of mechanical properties of polyethersulphone (PES) nanofibres, fabricated by electrospinning methodology and coated with bioactive glass (BG), cells of the MG-63 line were cultured on surfaces of these scaffolds. Their capacity to support MG-63 proliferation was also investigated in vitro by MTT assay. Osteoconductivity on these scaffolds was investigated by the common osteogenic markers alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, calcium mineral deposition and bone-related gene activation. Next, a bone reconstruction of rat critical-size defects model was evaluated using radiographic imaging analysis (digital mammography), computed tomography and histological examination. RESULTS: In vitro results indicated that biocompatibility and osteogenic markers of MG-63 cells were significantly enhanced after coating PES with BG. Based on in vivo results, new bone formation in the defect site was enhanced in implanted rats in comparison with a control group. The highest reconstruction was observed in animals implanted with BG-coated nanofibres. CONCLUSIONS: Osteoconductivity of PES nanofibres was markedly enhanced after coating them with BG, and introduction of this construct as new bone-graft substitute for bone loss and defects is indicated. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
This article was published in Cell Prolif
and referenced in Journal of Tissue Science & Engineering