Author(s): Kamps DM, Dugan EP, Leonard BR, Daoust PM
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Abstract The use of effective instructional strategies in small groups was investigated to determine learning effects for 24 elementary age students with autism and developmental disabilities. Effective strategies included (a) the use of choral responding; (b) the use of student-to-student responding; (c) the rotation of materials every 5 minutes during the 30-minute group while teaching 2 to 3 concepts; and (d) the use of random, unpredictable trials for student responding. Thirty-minute language groups were targeted to teach receptive and expressive skills using pictures and common objects across five categories (e.g., household items, foods). Results showed increased opportunities to respond, increased levels of responding and academic engagement, higher gains on weekly criterion-referenced pre- and posttests, and decreased passive and inappropriate student behavior during interventions.
This article was published in Am J Ment Retard
and referenced in Autism-Open Access