Author(s): Sai Priya VH, Latha GS, Hasnain SE, Murthy KJ, Valluri VL
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Abstract Th1 and Th2 cytokines play key role in protection from and pathogenesis of mycobacterial infection and their dynamic changes may predict clinical outcome of the patient. Patients with tuberculosis (TB) have a poorer cellular immune response to recombinant 32-kDa antigen (Ag) of Mycobacterium bovis (r32-kDa M. bovis) than do healthy volunteers. The basis for this observation was studied by evaluating the Th1 (gamma interferon [IFN-γ]) produced in response to the r32-kDa Ag M. bovis by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from patients with pulmonary TB (n=20), extra-pulmonary TB (n=13) and from healthy volunteers (n=9). Recombinant 32-kDa M. bovis stimulated PBMC from TB patients produced significantly lower levels of IFN-γ at 0 month, and increased at 2-4, and 6 months of treatment and were highly significant (p<0.000) compared to the responses in controls. The ratios of IFN-γ to IL-10 were low in patients newly diagnosed and improved both during and after treatment. The present study concludes that the levels of in vitro response to M. bovis BCG r32-kDa Ag leading to the specific release of IFN-γ increased after anti-tuberculosis treatment and seems to reflect the clinical status of the patient, thus reiterating the utility of this antigen in T cell based assays as a surrogate marker of cell mediated responses. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Cytokine
and referenced in Mycobacterial Diseases