Author(s): Orenstein A, Kostenich G, Kopolovic Y, Babushkina T, Malik Z
Abstract Share this page
Abstract The interaction of photodynamic therapy (PDT) with 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) and hyperthermia is not well understood. In the present study, significant enhancement of tumor damage was observed after simultaneous application of ALA-PDT and IR-induced hyperthermia using a broad-band incoherent light source. One hour after systemic administration of ALA at a dose of 200 mg/kg, subcutaneously transplanted C26 colon carcinoma tumors were irradiated with two bands of the VersaLight system, red (R, 580-720 nm) and red plus IR (R + IR, 580-720 nm and 1250-1600 nm). Photoirradiation using the R + IR band at different fluence rates and exposures caused mild heating of the tumor to 39-43 degrees C at a 3 mm depth. Electron microscopy after ALA + R, ALA + R + IR and R + IR treatments showed early mitochondrial swelling that was more pronounced in the ALA + R + IR group. Tumor necrosis assessment, using histology and vital staining, revealed an enhancement of tumor necrosis depth in the ALA + R + IR group compared to ALA + R and R + IR. The results showed that subhyperthermic heating to 39-39.5 degrees C in the ALA + R + IR group decreased the threshold light dose required for 100\% tumor necrosis from 210 J/cm2 (observed in the ALA + R group) to 140 J/cm2. A tumor growth delay test, based on tumor volume measurement, also revealed significant enhancement of antitumor effect after application of ALA + R + IR compared to ALA + R.
This article was published in Photochem Photobiol
and referenced in Journal of Fertilizers & Pesticides