alexa Enhancement options for the utilisation of nitrogen rich animal by-products in anaerobic digestion.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

International Journal of Waste Resources

Author(s): Resch C, Wrl A, Waltenberger R, Braun R, Kirchmayr R

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Abstract This study focuses on the enhancement of an Austrian anaerobic digestion plant at a slaughterhouse site which exclusively uses animal by-products as substrate. High ammonia concentrations from protein degradation cause severe inhibitions of anaerobic microorganisms. For improving the current situation the COD:TKN ratio is widened by (a) ammonia stripping directly out of the process and (b) addition of a C source to the substrate. Different OLR and HRT were tested in continuous experiments to simulate new operating conditions. The results show that the addition of carbon cannot improve fermentation capacity. The reduction of ammonia boosts the degradation: After reduction of TKN from 7.5 to 4.0 g kg(-1) the initially high VFA concentration decreased and the COD degradation was improved by 55.5\%. Hence, the implementation of the new N reduction process facilitates either the increase of the OLR by 61\% or the reduction of the HRT by 25\%. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Bioresour Technol and referenced in International Journal of Waste Resources

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