Author(s): Gaines JM, Burke KL, Marx KA, Wagner M, Parrish JM
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate CarFit, an educational program designed to promote optimal alignment of driver with vehicle. METHODS: A driving activity survey was sent to 727 randomly selected participants living in retirement communities. Drivers (n=195) were assigned randomly to CarFit intervention (n=83, M age=78.1) or Comparison (n=112, M age=79.6) groups. After 6months, participants completed a post-test of driving activity and CarFit recommendations. RESULTS: Nonconsenting drivers were older and participated in fewer driving activities. CarFit participation was moderate (71\%) with 86\% of the participants receiving recommendations. 60\% followed the recommendations at the 6-month re-evaluation). The CarFit (67.6\%) and Comparison (59.3\%) groups reported at least one type of self-regulation of driving activity at baseline. There was no significant change in the driving behaviors at the six-month follow-up. CONCLUSION: CarFit was able to detect addressable opportunities that may contribute to the safety of older drivers. IMPACT ON INDUSTRY: CarFit recommendations may need stronger reinforcement in order to be enacted by a participant. Copyright © 2011 National Safety Council and Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Safety Res
and referenced in Journal of Ergonomics