alexa Ensuring appropriate timing of antimicrobial prophylaxis.


Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Author(s): Rosenberg AD, Wambold D, Kraemer L, BegleyKeyes M, Zuckerman SL,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Delivery of intravenous antibiotic prophylaxis within one hour prior to surgical incision is considered important in helping to decrease the incidence of surgical site infections, but methods to ensure compliance have not been established. METHODS: All patients at our institution are subjected to a surgical "time-out" protocol to prevent wrong-site surgery. During a seven-week period, all patients undergoing spine surgery, total hip arthroplasty, or total knee arthroplasty had another safety initiative, that of ensuring that prophylactic intravenous antibiotics were administered at least one hour prior to incision, "piggybacked" onto our existing time-out verification checklist. In addition, we compared compliance during the study period with compliance during a three-month period prior to institution of this protocol and compliance for eighteen months after institution of this protocol. RESULTS: The average time (and standard deviation) between the antibiotic administration and the incision was 26 +/- 12 minutes for all patients. The protocol was effective in ensuring antibiotic administration at the optimal time to 316 (99.1\%) of the 319 patients. Analysis of a group of forty patients who had undergone total hip or knee replacement during the three months prior to the beginning of the study demonstrated a compliance rate of 65\%. The difference between this baseline compliance rate and the rate during the study period was significant (p < 0.0001). The compliance rate was 97\% for 160 patients who underwent similar procedures during the eighteen months after completion of the study. Independent audits demonstrated continuation of the significantly better compliance with timing of antibiotic prophylaxis for patients undergoing total hip and knee arthroplasty since the implementation of the protocol in our institution. CONCLUSIONS: Piggybacking of verification of prophylactic antibiotic administration onto the wrong-site-surgery time-out protocol is an effective, cost-free, and easy-to-adopt method to ensure compliance with appropriate timing of prophylactic antibiotics. This article was published in J Bone Joint Surg Am and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version