Author(s): Vargas MA, Orozco E
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Abstract In this paper we report the occurrence of changes in the migration of certain isoenzymes of a cloned strain (MAV-CINVESTAV) of Entamoeba histolytica. This strain was isolated from an asymptomatic carrier and showed an initial nonpathogenic zymodeme I. The transfer of polyxenic trophozoites from Robinson's medium (7\% serum) to Jones' medium (30\% serum) provoked changes in isoenzyme expression, resulting in the conversion of zymodeme I to a zymodeme that was similar to the XVII zymodeme except for two slow-running bands and a single fast-running band that were detected for hexokinase (HK). This XVII-like zymodeme reverted to zymodeme I when trophozoites were cultured under monoxenic conditions in TY1-S-33 medium (10\% serum). When we cultured cloned strain MAV-CINVESTAV under axenic conditions in TY1-S-33 medium, trophozoites expressed a pathogenic zymodeme with two fast-running HK bands and a beta-phosphoglucomutase band. In addition, phagocytosis and the ability of the trophozoites to destroy cell-culture monolayers were expressed only in trophozoites cultured under axenic conditions. The axenization procedure required the presence of live Fusobacterium symbiosum and is also described herein.
This article was published in Parasitol Res
and referenced in Journal of Cell Science & Therapy