Author(s): Are A, Aronsson L, Wang S, Greicius G, Lee YK,
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Abstract The postembryonic development of the gastrointestinal tract is subject to regulation by the colonizing microbiota. This maturation process requires the commensal bacteria to cross-talk with host cells by way of recognizing receptors and inducing signaling pathways to activate transcription factors such as the nuclear receptors. Here, we show that in colonic cell lines and in primary colonic cells, Enterococcus faecalis isolated from newborn babies possess the ability to regulate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma1 (PPARgamma1) activity through phosphorylation. This results in elevated DNA binding and transcriptional activation of downstream target genes, including IL-10, a cytokine known to modulate innate immune function. Furthermore, phosphorylation appears tightly regulated as phospho-PPARgamma1 becomes an immediate substrate for degradation possibly to curtail any extended transactivation. The involvement of PPARgamma1 in a myriad of physiological processes further confirms that microflora-driven regulation might be important for a number of homeostatic strategies in the gut.
This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism