Author(s): Mimaki Y, Harada H, Sakuma C, Haraguchi M, Yui S,
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Abstract Two novel triterpene bisdesmosides, designated as enterolosaponin A (1) and B (2), were isolated from Enterolobium contortisiliquum. The chemical structures of 1 and 2 were determined by analysis of their extensive spectroscopic data, as well as hydrolysis followed by chromatographic study. Enterolosaponins have a 2-amino-2-deoxy-D-glucosyl unit (D-glucosamine) as one of the monosaccharides constituting their oligosaccharide moieties, which have been rarely found in natural product research. Enterolosaponin A (1) exhibited a highly selective cytotoxicity against BAC1.2F5 mouse macrophages, and it should be notable that the macrophage death caused by 1 was shown to be neither necrotic nor due to induction of apoptosis from morphology of the died cells, whose cytosol occurred in vacuolation.
This article was published in Bioorg Med Chem Lett
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy