alexa Enumeration of water-borne bacteria using viability assays and flow cytometry: a comparison to culture-based techniques.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

Author(s): Hoefel D, Grooby WL, Monis PT, Andrews S, Saint CP

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Maintaining optimal conditions in catchments or distribution systems relies heavily on water authorities having access to rapid and accurate water quality data, including an indication of bacteriological quality. In this study, the BacLight bacterial viability kit and carboxyfluorescein diacetate (CFDA) were coupled with flow cytometry (FCM) for rapid detection of physiologically active bacteria from raw and potable waters taken from various locations around South Australia. Results were compared to the direct viable count (DVC) and quantitative DVC (qDVC), in addition to the culture-based methods of the heterotrophic plate count (HPC) and a commercial SimPlate technique. Raw and potable water analysis revealed that DVC and culture-based techniques reported significantly fewer viable bacteria compared to the number of physiologically active bacteria detected using the rapid FCM assays, where this difference appeared to be nonlinear across different samples. Inconclusive results were obtained using qDVC as a viability assay. In particular, HPC results were 2-4 log orders of magnitude below that reported by the FCM assays for raw waters. Few bacteria in potable waters examined were culturable by HPC, even though FCM assays reported between 5.56 x 10(2) and 3.94 x 10(4) active bacteria ml(-1). These differences may be attributed to the presence of nonheterotrophic bacteria, sublethal injury or the adoption of an active but nonculturable (ABNC) state.
This article was published in J Microbiol Methods and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords