alexa Environmental influences on development of type 2 diabetes and obesity: challenges in personalizing prevention and management.
Dentistry

Dentistry

Oral Health Case Reports

Author(s): Ershow AG

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Recent epidemic increases in the U.S. prevalence of obesity and diabetes are a consequence of widespread environmental changes affecting energy balance and its regulation. These environmental changes range from exposure to endocrine disrupting pollutants to shortened sleep duration to physical inactivity to excess caloric intake. Overall, we need a better understanding of the factors affecting individual susceptibility and resistance to adverse exposures and behaviors and of determinants of individual response to treatment. Obesity and diabetes prevention will require responding to two primary behavioral risk factors: excess energy intake and insufficient energy expenditure. Adverse food environments (external, nonphysiological influences on eating behaviors) contribute to excess caloric intake but can be countered through behavioral and economic approaches. Adverse built environments, which can be modified to foster more physical activity, are promising venues for community-level intervention. Techniques to help people to modulate energy intake and increase energy expenditure must address their personal situations: health literacy, psychological factors, and social relationships. Behaviorally oriented translational research can help in developing useful interventions and environmental modifications that are tailored to individual needs. Copyright 2009 Diabetes Technology Society.
This article was published in J Diabetes Sci Technol and referenced in Oral Health Case Reports

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • Asia-Pacific Dental and Oral Care Congress
    October 26-28, 2017 Osaka, Japan
  • American World Dentistry
    November 13-14, 2017 San Antonio, USA
  • 39th World Dental Congress Summit
    Dec 4-6,2017 Sao Paulo,Brazil
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords