Author(s): Misal SA, Lingojwar DP, Lokhande MN, Lokhande PD, Gawai KR
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Abstract Azo dyes and nitro-aromatic compounds are the largest group of pollutants released in the environment as industrial wastes. They create serious health and environmental problems. Azoreductases catalyze the reduction of azo dyes and nitro compounds to their respective amines. AN azoreductase was purified up to 12-fold from Lysinibacillus sphaericus using ion-exchange and size exclusion chromatography. It was optimally active at pH 7.4 and 75 °C. It was stable at 70 °C for 30 min. The purified enzyme utilized NADH rather than NADPH as an electron donor to reduce substrates. The molecular weight of the purified enzyme was ~29 kDa. The enzyme also acted as nitroreductase and could selectively reduce the nitro group of 2-nitrophenol, 4-nitrobenzoic acid, 2-nitro-benzaldehyde and 3-nitrophenol. Reduction products of these compounds were identified by IR and NMR.
This article was published in Biotechnol Lett
and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development