alexa Enzymes immobilized on amine-terminated ionic liquid-functionalized carbon nanotube for hydrogen peroxide determination.
Engineering

Engineering

Biosensors Journal

Author(s): Liu X, Bu C, Nan Z, Zheng L, Qiu Y, , Liu X, Bu C, Nan Z, Zheng L, Qiu Y,

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Abstract We report on a new approach for the electrochemical detection of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) based on Cytochrome C (Cyt c) immobilized ionic liquid (IL)-functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) modified glass carbon electrode (GCE). Functionalization of multi-walled carbon nanotube with amine-terminated ionic liquid materials was characterized using fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), UV-vis spectra, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and the results showed that the covalent modification of MWCNTs with ILs exhibited a high surface area for enzyme immobilization and provided a good microenvironment for Cyt c to retain its bioelectrocatalytic activity toward H2O2. Amperometry was used to evaluate the catalytic activity of the cyt c towards H2O2. The proposed biosensor exhibited a wide linear response range nearly 4 orders of magnitude of H2O2 (4.0 × 10(-8)M-1.0 × 10(-4)M) with a good linearity (0.9980) and a low detection limit of 1.3 × 10(-8)M (based on S/N=3). Furthermore, the biosensor also displays some other excellent characteristics such as high selectivity, good reproducibility and long-term stability. Thus, the biosensor constructed in this study has great potential for detecting H2O2 in the complex biosystems. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This article was published in Talanta and referenced in Biosensors Journal

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