alexa EphA4 promotes cell proliferation and migration through a novel EphA4-FGFR1 signaling pathway in the human glioma U251 cell line.


Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Author(s): Fukai J, Yokote H, Yamanaka R, Arao T, Nishio K,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The Eph receptor tyrosine kinases and their ephrin ligands form a unique cell-cell contact-mediated bidirectional signaling mechanism for regulating cell localization and organization. High expression of Eph receptors in a wide variety of human tumors indicates some roles in tumor progression, which makes these proteins potential targets for anticancer therapy. For this purpose, we did gene expression profiling for 47 surgical specimens of brain tumors including 32 high-grade glioma using a microarray technique. The analysis, focused on the receptor tyrosine kinases, showed that EphA4 mRNA in the tumors was 4-fold higher than in normal brain tissue. To investigate the biological significance of EphA4 overexpression in these tumors, we analyzed EphA4-induced phenotypic changes and the signaling mechanisms using human glioma U251 cells. EphA4 promoted fibroblast growth factor 2-mediated cell proliferation and migration accompanied with enhancement of fibroblast growth factor 2-triggered mitogen-activated protein kinase and Akt phosphorylation. In addition, active forms of Rac1 and Cdc42 increased in the EphA4-overexpressing cells. Furthermore, we found that EphA4 formed a heteroreceptor complex with fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) in the cells and that the EphA4-FGFR1 complex potentiated FGFR-mediated downstream signaling. Thus, our results indicate that EphA4 plays an important role in malignant phenotypes of glioblastoma by enhancing cell proliferation and migration through accelerating a canonical FGFR signaling pathway. This article was published in Mol Cancer Ther and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version