Author(s): Yu G, Luo H, Wu Y, Wu J
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Abstract Eph kinases form the largest family of receptor tyrosine kinases, and their ligands are ephrins (EFNs), which are cell surface proteins. Some Eph kinases and EFNs are expressed on T cells, B cells, and dendritic cells, but their functions in the immune system are largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the effect of EFNB2 on murine T cells. EFNB2 mRNA was expressed in the cortex of the thymus and white pulp of the spleen. At the protein level, it was expressed on T cells and monocytes/macrophages, but not on B cells. EFNB2Rs were expressed mainly on T cells. Solid-phase EFNB2 along with suboptimal anti-CD3 strongly stimulated T cell proliferation, with concomitant augmentation of IFN-gamma but not IL-2 or IL-4 secretion. The activity of cytotoxic T cells was also significantly enhanced in the presence of solid-phase EFNB2. These results indicate that EFNB2R cross-linking results in costimulation of T cells. EFNB2Rs were normally scattered on the T cell surface; after TCR cross-linking, they rapidly congregated to capped TCR complexes and then to patched rafts. This provides a morphological base for EFNB2Rs to participate in T cell costimulation. We also demonstrated that EFNB2R signaling led to augmented p38 and p44/42 mitogen-activated protein kinase activation. Our study shows that EFNB2 plays important roles in immune regulation.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology