Author(s): Kobayashi K, Ikeda H, Higuchi R, Nozaki M, Yamamoto Y, , Kobayashi K, Ikeda H, Higuchi R, Nozaki M, Yamamoto Y,
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Abstract The Tokyo Burn Unit Association (TBUA) was established in 1983 funded by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government, and is organized by 13 burn units in Tokyo. TBUA covers more than 90\% of severe burn patients occurring in Tokyo, and all of the cases are registered according to the burn injury registration format. The purpose of this study is to analyze the registered data and to elucidate epidemiological and outcome characteristics of major burn injuries in Tokyo. The total of 6988 hospitalized patients had data for epidemiological analysis, and 6401 patients had complete data for outcome analysis as well, and were included in this study. The characteristic profiles for the analysis included age, sex, cause of burns, inhalation injury, \%BSA, burn index (BI), length of burn unit stay, and outcome, and were analyzed by age groups. The mean age of the patients was 40.4 years, and 63\% of them were male. It was noteworthy that 25\% of the total patients were elderly patients over 60 years of age. Flame was the most common cause making up 45.6\% followed by scalding (32.0\%). The overall mortality rate was 15.4\%. Inhalation injury was accompanied in 27.3\% of burn patients. The mortality rate was 34.6\% with inhalation injury, and 8.2\% without inhalation injury. Causes of death showed that multiple organ failure made up 36.9\% of total mortality, followed by sepsis 25.2 and shock 19.0\%. The burn size (\%BSA and BI) and inhalation injury were the factors for high mortality rate in all age groups whereas age was a predictor for high mortality in the patients older than 16 years of age. Gender was not a factor for high mortality in any age group. The mortality rate showed mildly decreasing tendency since 1995 for which implementation of skin bank was thought to be responsible.
This article was published in Burns
and referenced in Journal of Defense Management