Author(s): Parise V, Arajo GC, Castro JG, Berdarrain FP
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Abstract This study describes the epidemiological profile of malaria in the State of Tocantins, in the period 2003-2008, investigates the association between the frequency of malaria and population growth, classifies the cases by 'autochthonous' and 'imported', reports the indices of the disease and analyses the distribution of the cases by Plasmodium species, age and gender. The retrospective study was based on secondary data, stored in SIVEP-malaria and analyzed using the software Epi-Info 3.5.1. and Bioestat 5.0. 19,004 samples were investigated for malaria, 19\% of them were positive, 73.32\% with Plasmodium vivax, 21.80\% with Plasmodium falciparum, 4.79\% with mixed infections and only 0.08\% with Plasmodium malariae. Male individuals accounted for 76.95\% and predominated in all years and age groups, especially in the 15 to 49 years old group. From the overall cases, 34.27\% were autochthonous and 65.73\% were imported (χ2 = 356.8, p = 0.0001). The frequency of malaria decreased significantly during the entire series (rp = 0.96, p = 0.002) and the number of municipalities with autochthonous transmission also diminished. It was found that malaria is predominantly imported, related to land activities, which confirms the need for effective measures to maintain vigilance throughout the state and enhance educational activities in order to guide the population towards early treatment-seeking.
This article was published in Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta