alexa Epidemiology and strain characteristics of Echinococcus granulosus in the Benghazi area of eastern Libya.
Veterinary Sciences

Veterinary Sciences

Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology

Author(s): Tashani OA, Zhang LH, Boufana B, Jegi A, McManus DP

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Abstract The incidence of surgically confirmed cystic echinococcosis in eastern Libya was estimated to be at least 4.2 cases/100,000, with significantly more female cases than male. The prevalences of infection with Echinococcus granulosus among 1087 sheep, 881 goats, 428 camels and 614 cattle from the same region, determined postmortem in abattoirs, were 20\%, 3.4\%, 13.6\% and 11\%, respectively. Infection in the livestock was age-dependent and, generally, the female animals were more often infected than the male. The measurements of rostellar hooks on protoscoleces collected from sheep and cattle were similar but significantly different from the corresponding measurements of parasites of human or camel origin. However, when a portion of the cytochrome c-oxidase subunit I (cox1) gene from each of 30 protoscolex samples from Libya (12 from cattle, three from humans, five from camels and 10 from sheep) was sequenced, the sequences were all found to be identical to that published for the common sheep strain of E. granulosus. This article was published in Ann Trop Med Parasitol and referenced in Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology

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