Author(s): Zaoui S, Bimont C, Meguenni K
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Abstract Diabetes mellitus has become a major international health problem in recent decades. In this study we report a prevalence of diabetes of 14.2\% in a set of 7,656 subjects in urban and rural areas of Tlemcen (in western Algeria), higher among men (20.4\%) than women (10.7\%). The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (initially non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: NIDDM) was 10.5\% and of type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: IDDM) 3.7\%. Overall prevalence was higher in urban (15.3\%) than rural (12.9\%) areas. More than half of all patients with diabetes had family members with the disease. Estimating the obesity rate according to body mass index (BMI), we found that 56.7\% of all men and more than half of all women in urban areas were obese. Degenerative complications were found in 60\% of diabetes patients. A policy for tracking, treating and preventing diabetes and obesity is strongly needed.
This article was published in Sante
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism