alexa Epidemiology of malaria, schistosomiasis, geohelminths, anemia and malnutrition in the context of a demographic surveillance system in northern Angola.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Pharmacogenomics & Pharmacoproteomics

Author(s): SousaFigueiredo JC, Gamboa D, Pedro JM, Fanony C, Langa AJ,

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Abstract BACKGROUND: Malaria, schistosomiasis and geohelminth infection are linked to maternal and child morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Knowing the prevalence levels of these infections is vital to guide governments towards the implementation of successful and cost-effective disease control initiatives. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A cross-sectional study of 1,237 preschool children (0-5 year olds), 1,142 school-aged children (6-15 year olds) and 960 women (>15 year olds) was conducted to understand the distribution of malnutrition, anemia, malaria, schistosomiasis (intestinal and urinary) and geohelminths in a north-western province of Angola. We used a recent demographic surveillance system (DSS) database to select and recruit suitable households. Malnutrition was common among children (23.3\% under-weight, 9.9\% wasting and 32.2\% stunting), and anemia was found to be a severe public health problem (i.e., >40\%). Malaria prevalence was highest among preschool children reaching 20.2\%. Micro-hematuria prevalence levels reached 10.0\% of preschool children, 16.6\% of school-aged children and 21.7\% of mothers. Geohelminth infections were common, affecting 22.3\% of preschool children, 31.6\% of school-aged children and 28.0\% of mothers. CONCLUSIONS: Here we report prevalence levels of malaria, schistosomiasis and geohelminths; all endemic in this poorly described area where a DSS has been recently established. Furthermore we found evidence that the studied infections are associated with the observed levels of anemia and malnutrition, which can justify the implementation of integrated interventions for the control of these diseases and morbidities.
This article was published in PLoS One and referenced in Journal of Pharmacogenomics & Pharmacoproteomics

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