Author(s): Oluyemi F
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Abstract PURPOSE: To assess risk factors associated with the occurrence of penetrating ocular injuries among patients presenting to an eye hospital at Ibadan, Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All cases of penetrating ocular injury presenting over a 10 - year period, were identified by retrospective chart review. All current cases of penetrating ocular injury identified were included. All information was obtained retrospectively from the medical records. RESULTS: The cohort consisted of 135 cases. The follow-up was for an average period of 24.6 weeks (range, 12-312 weeks). Injuries were most likely to occur at home, in a domestic setting (58\%). The most common mechanism of injury was projectile missiles hitting the eye. The age range for injuries was 9 months to 70 years. Penetrating ocular injury was most frequent in the 20-29 years group (31.9\%) followed by the 0-9 years age group (31.1\%). Males were more frequently involved than females (ratio 4:1). The final acuity was better than 6/18 in 14.8\% and less than 3/60 in 59.3\% of cases. CONCLUSIONS: Penetrating ocular injury occurs, most frequently, in a domestic setting and mostly as a result of working with sharp objects. Preventive measures are recommended to reduce visual disabilities due to ocular injuries.
This article was published in Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology