Author(s): BouchezY, ArdagnaB, SalibaSerre, O Dutour
In paleopathology and forensic anthropology, contrary to vertebral degenerative disease (VDD) that has been extensively studied, the whole vertebral joints have been almost never investigated by standardizing methodology that allows approximating the epidemiological performance of various vertebral joints in relation to articular degeneration. In order to better define the paleoepidemiological aspects of VDD in osteological series, we have developed a research program based on the recording of degenerative lesions in the whole vertebral joints; this approach uses known age and sex, and involves a new quantitative methodology based on a topographic division. The 250 studied spines are from documented osteological collections of Schoten (Belgium), Bologna (Italy) and Sassari (Sardinia). We present here the first results relating to the lumbar apophyseal joints. No severity differences can be demonstrated according to sex or spine side. We have observed that subjects over 50 years old showed at least one articular surface with degenerative lesion. Thus, it is the extension stage of lesions more than their severity that should be linked with age.