alexa Epigenetic regulation of Dnmt3a and Arc gene expression after electroconvulsive stimulation in the rat.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Clinical and Experimental Psychology

Author(s): Dyrvig M, Gtzsche CR, Woldbye DP, Lichota J

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) remains one of the most effective treatments of major depression. Unfortunately, some patients report side effects, of which the most prominent are memory deficits. The immediate early gene Arc plays a critical role in the maintenance phase of long-term potentiation and consolidation of memory in the rat brain. We recently observed increased methylation of the Arc promoter 24h after acute electroconvulsive stimulation (ECS) in rats, which could cause decreased Arc expression and provide an explanation for the observed memory deficits. In the present study we investigated the methylation and expression changes of Arc at 48h post-ECS and determined the role of de-novo methylation in that process. We initially measured expression of DNA methyltransferases (Dnmt1 and Dnmt3a) and Arc 1, 4, 8, 16, 24, and 48h after a single ECS. Arc expression increased approximately 10-fold at 1 and 4h after ECS, and subsequently decreased below sham levels. Four hours after ECS we also observed a significant increase in Dnmt3a expression, which was attenuated in a second experiment by the use of DNMT inhibitor decitabine (5-aza-2-deoxycytidine). We then investigated Arc gene expression and methylation changes at 48h post-ECS and we found a slightly reduced Arc expression in ECS-treated rats as compared to sham. In animals that received decitabine we observed a significant decrease in Dnmt3a expression and an increase of Arc expression in both ECS and sham groups. The same tendency for reduced Arc expression after ECS, as compared to sham was observed despite the blocking of DNA methylation with decitabine. The DNA methylation as measured by pyrosequencing is decreased 48h post-ECS both in the promoter and intragenic regions as a response to ECS regardless of the treatment with decitabine. Overall the results suggest that DNA methylation is involved in regulating Arc expression but is not the causal mechanism responsible for reducing Arc expression after ECS. We speculate that the decrease is caused by ECS-induced HDAC2 upregulation and decreased H3 acetylation at the Arc promoter. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in Mol Cell Neurosci and referenced in Clinical and Experimental Psychology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version