alexa Epilepsy and brain injury: a case report of a dramatic neuropsychiatric vicious circle.
Neurology

Neurology

International Journal of Neurorehabilitation

Author(s): Rapinesi C, Del Casale A, Serata D, Kotzalidis GD, Scatena P,

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Abstract PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Early treatment of epilepsy is warranted to avoid possible severe consequences. This study aimed to assess the value of treatment in a patient who developed epilepsy after major brain surgery. DESIGN: Case description. A 51 years-old man had a history of putative petit mal seizures since adolescence and left frontotemporal lobectomy after a major traffic accident at age 17. He subsequently developed quickly generalizing partial complex seizures, associated with severe behavioural alterations and personality changes; the condition was left untreated. A further seizure-related loss of consciousness led to another traffic accident at age 47. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: The patient was administered 200 mg/day topiramate, 600 mg/day quetiapine, 1000 mg/day valproate, 1200 mg/day gabapentin and 800 mg/day carbamazepine. MAIN OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: The instituted anti-epileptic treatment reduced seizure frequency and severity, but did not affect psychiatric symptomatology, which even worsened. An association between anti-epileptic drugs with mood stabilizing properties and an atypical anti-psychotic dramatically improved psychiatric symptoms, but did not prevent the patient from needing long-term healthcare. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term untreated epilepsy may expose to accident proneness and further psychiatric deterioration. Early diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy may help in avoiding a potentially lethal vicious circle. This article was published in Brain Inj and referenced in International Journal of Neurorehabilitation

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